Jenkins安装 - 水木竹水 - 博客园

Jenkins安装

Jenkins结合Maven,能实现web工程的自动化构建和部署,本文记录下Jenkins安装过程。

1.可以从官网下载Jenkins.war包,一种方式:直接部署在tomcat中;另一种:按Installing Jenkins步骤,将jenkins部署在Docker中;

2.在使用jenkins之前,还需要再服务器上安装必要的工具,包括maven、git。

3.安装maven:可以根据官网Installing Apache Maven步骤;

4.配置maven,需要指定maven的远程仓库信息,如:

<!-- servers
   | This is a list of authentication profiles, keyed by the server-id used within the system.
   | Authentication profiles can be used whenever maven must make a connection to a remote server.
   |-->

  <!-- mirrors
   | This is a list of mirrors to be used in downloading artifacts from remote repositories.
   | 
   | It works like this: a POM may declare a repository to use in resolving certain artifacts.
   | However, this repository may have problems with heavy traffic at times, so people have mirrored
   | it to several places.
   |
   | That repository definition will have a unique id, so we can create a mirror reference for that
   | repository, to be used as an alternate download site. The mirror site will be the preferred 
   | server for that repository.
   |-->
<servers>
    <server>  
        <id>mavenid</id>  
        <username>admin</username>  
        <password>admin123</password>  
    </server>  
</servers>
<mirrors>
    <!-- mirror
     | Specifies a repository mirror site to use instead of a given repository. The repository that
     | this mirror serves has an ID that matches the mirrorOf element of this mirror. IDs are used
     | for inheritance and direct lookup purposes, and must be unique across the set of mirrors.
     |
    <mirror>
            <id>mavenid</id>
            <url>http://XXXXX/nexus/content/groups/public/</url>
            <mirrorOf>repositoryid</mirrorOf>
    </mirror>
</mirrors>

其中server配置连接仓库或镜像的认证信息(在settings.xml中配置,可避免在每个pom中配置),id表示仓库或镜像;mirror表示仓库的镜像。具体setting的含义可参看Settings Reference

5.安装git,步骤参照起步 - 安装 Git,其中下载git源码地址为:https://mirrors.edge.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/

安装过程中会出现Can't locate ExtUtils/MakeMaker.pm in @INC的错误,解决方案是安装对应文件:yum install perl-ExtUtils-CBuilder perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker

6.maven和git安装完成后,可以使用jenkins.

注意:

(1)配置的时候,如果【源码管理】【Repository URL】处出现无法连接指定的git地址,一般2种解决方案:安装git;添加用户认证

(2)如果构建的maven工程,在【Build】处出现配置maven版本,需要在【系统配置】【全局工具配置】中配置maven信息,如下,不要勾选【自动安装】。

7.到此jenkins就可以用于构建部署项目了

注意:

(1)需要注意如果部署web工程到tomcat中,tomcat/webapps中需要保留manager项目,其影响自动部署。

(2)一键部署到多台tomcat的问题,按照Maven Deploy To Multiple Tomcat Servers描述的方法,做环境的时候并没有生效(待处理)

(3)记得配置tomcat的用户信息,见:部署Tomcat服务时,解决Cannot invoke Tomcat Manager 异常

  

posted @ 2018-03-17 13:12 水木竹水 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏